The Sociology course is handled by Ms. Lavanya and Mr. Asif Anwar
Sociology Main Optional Syllabus
The following is the syllabus for Sociology – Main Examination – Paper I and
SYLLABUS – PAPER – I
FUNDAMENTALS OF SOCIOLOGY
- Sociology – The Discipline:
- Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology.
- Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences.
- Sociology and common sense.
- Sociology as Science:
- Science, scientific method and critique.
- Major theoretical strands of research methodology.
- Positivism and its critique.
- Fact value and objectivity.
- Non-positivist methodologies.
- Research Methods and Analysis:
- Qualitative and quantitative methods.
- Techniques of data collection.
- Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity.
- Sociological Thinkers:
Stratification and Mobility:
- Karl Marx – Historical materialism, mode of production, alienation,
- Emile Durkheim – Division of labour, social fact, suicide, religion
- Max Weber – Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy,
protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism.
- Talcolt Parsons – Social system, pattern variables.
- Robert K. Merton – Latent and manifest functions, conformity and
deviance, reference groups.
- Mead – Self and identity.
Works and Economic Life:
- Concepts – equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty
- Theories of social stratification – Structural functionalist theory,
Marxist theory, Weberian theory.
- Dimensions – Social stratification of class, status groups, gender,
ethnicity and race.
- Social Mobility – open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources
and causes of mobility.
Politics and Society:
- Social organization of work in different types of society – slave society, feudal
society, industrial / capitalist society.
- Formal and informal organization of work.
- Labour and society.
Religion and Society:
- Sociological theories of power.
- Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties.
- Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology.
- Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution.
Systems of Kinship:
- Sociological theories of religion.
- Types of religious practices: animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults.
- Religion in Modern Society: Religion and science, secularization,
religious revivalism, fundamentalism.
Social Change in Modern Society:
- Family, household, marriage.
- Types and forms of family.
- Lineage and descent.
- Patriarchy and sexual division of labour.
- Contemporary trends.
- Sociological theories of social change.
- Development and dependency.
- Agents of social change.
- Education and social change.
- Science, technology and social change.
SYLLABUS – PAPER – II
INDIAN SOCIETY – STRUCTURE AND CHANGE
- INTRODUCING INDIAN SOCIETY:
- Perspectives on the study of Indian society:
- Indology (GS. Ghurye).
- Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas).
- Marxist sociology (A R Desai).
- Impact of colonial rule on Indian society:
- Social background of Indian nationalism.
- Modernization of Indian tradition.
- Protests and movements during the colonial period.
- Social reforms.
- SOCIAL STRUCTURE:
- Rural and Agrarian Social Structure:
- The idea of Indian village and village studies.
- Agrarian social structure – evolution of land tenure system, land reforms.
- Caste System:
- Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GS Ghurye, M N Srinivas, Louis Dumont,
- Features of caste system.
- Untouchability – forms and perspectives.
- Tribal Communities in India:
- Definitional problems.
- Geographical spread.
- Colonial policies and tribes.
- Issues of integration and autonomy.
- Social Classes in India:
- Agrarian class structure.
- Industrial class structure.
- Middle classes in India.
- Systems of Kinship in India:
- Lineage and descent in India.
- Types of kinship systems.
- Family and marriage in India.
- Household dimensions of the family.
- Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labour.
- Religion and Society:
- Religious communities in India.
- Problems of religious minorities.
- SOCIAL CHANGES IN INDIA:
- Visions of Social Change in India:
- Idea of development planning and mixed economy.
- Constitution, law and social change.
- Education and social change.
- Rural and Agrarian transformation in India:
- Programmes of rural development, Community Development Programme, cooperatives,
poverty alleviation schemes.
- Green revolution and social change.
- Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture.
- Problems of rural labour, bondage, migration.
- Industrialization and Urbanisation in India:
- Evolution of modern industry in India.
- Growth of urban settlements in India.
- Working class: structure, growth, class mobilization.
- Informal sector, child labour.
- Slums and deprivation in urban areas.
- Politics and Society:
- Nation, democracy and citizenship.
- Political parties, pressure groups , social and political elite.
- Regionalism and decentralization of power.
- Social Movements in Modern India:
- Peasants and farmers movements.
- Women's movement.
- Backward classes & Dalit movement.
- Environmental movements.
- Ethnicity and Identity movements.
- Population Dynamics:
- Population size, growth, composition and distribution.
- Components of population growth: birth, death, migration.
- Population policy and family planning.
- Emerging issues: ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health.
- Challenges of Social Transformation:
- Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems and sustainability.
- Poverty, deprivation and inequalities.
- Violence against women.
- Caste conflicts.
- Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalism.
- Illiteracy and disparities in education.
Online Classroom Sessions
- This is a Self-learning course.
- All recorded sessions will be available as soon as the student registers for this course.
Sociology Main Optional Suggested Books for Reference
The following are the suggested books / references that the students can consult
while preparing for Sociology – Main Examination – Paper I and Paper II.
- Sociology Dictionary - William P. Scott.
- Sociology - Themes & Perspectives - Moralambose & R.M. Heald
- Social Demography - Asha & Bandhi.
- Spectrum Guide
- IGNOU Material (Thinkers and major topics of the Indian societal system)
Popularity of Sociology as an Optional Subject
The following are the reasons why this subject is popular among students.
- This is an easy scoring subject as the content is simple and logical to comprehend.
- Enough reference material is available for each and every topic. The key is to make
important reference notes while learning.
The following are simple preparation tips to score well in the Sociology – Main
Examination – Paper I and Paper II.
- Be clear with the concepts of social stratification, social mobility, social relationships
(marriage and family), social change and movements, economic, political and educational
system of India.
- Students also need to be familiar with Class Structure, Caste System, Historical
Moorings, Population Dynamics, Tribal Societies, Role of women,
- Analyse the arguments of pioneers and social thinkers like Karl Marx, Max Weber,
Emile Durham, Robert K Merton and Talcott Parsons.
Joining the course
- Students can register as a regular user for any of the courses offered by Indiancivils
by making the full payment for the course online.
- As a regular user, students can
- Gain access to the question bank of ALL SUBJECTS
of CSAT (Prelims) .
- Gain access to the pre-recorded videos of the registered courses
for 18 Months from the date of Registration.